Genus: Cinchona.
Species: Rubiaceen

Fruit box, containing about 25 pl. Seeds
History: Countess del Cinchon, husband of the viceroy of Peru (1600) Juan de Lugo, Cardinal SJ from 1583-1660
Names: Polvo de la Condesa; Pulvis Cardinalis; Jesuit powder; Jesuit’s Bark, Pulvis Patrum”

1738 Tree became known by the French botanist: de la Condamine. Types described and classified:

C. Officinalis;
C. Calisaya;
C. Ledgeriana Moens (later)
C. Pahudiana (G.G.)
C. Succirubra.

1820 Caventon Pelletier first separates the quinine seed. The French government received quinine seed in 1850 and tried it in Algiers without success. Leiden received a plant from the Paris and send it to Java in 1851. Propagation of these grew at Tjibodas, one of the three botanical gardens. It is not clear if there were offspring. Hasskarl Leverdebin 1854 the first 75 live plants in Java. After failure in Lembang forestry development took place in Tjiniroean, at the Jumghun plantation Jumghun They grew a kilo of seeds, selected in England, planted and for the first time as a highly productive seed at Tjiniroean. A temperature range was established: Minimum 13.5 C. – Max 21.1 C. Rain: 2000-3000 mm. Humidity 68 to 97%.